Revisi Grammar ala Sukatulis.wp.com


1.1  SIMPLE TENSES

 

Tenses

Examples

Meaning

SIMPLE PRESENT

 

1.It snows in Alaska2.I watch tv everyday In general, the simple present expresses events  or situations that exist always, usually, habitually; they exist now, have existed in past, and probably will exist in the future
 SIMPLE PAST 

 

 

 

 

3.It snowed yesterday4.I watched tv las night At one particular time in the past, this happened. It began and ended in the past.
SIMPLE FUTURE 

 

 

 

 

5.It will snow tomorrow6.I will watch tv tonight At one particular time in the future, this will happened.


1.2 THE PROGRESSIVE TENSE

Form :      be + ing (Present participle)Meaning : The progressive tenses give the idea that an action is in progress during a particular time. The tenses say that action begins before, is in progress during, and continues after another time or actionProgressive tense are also called  The Continuous tense; Present Continuous, Past Continuous, and Future Continuous. In this tense, time is important, not like Perfect Tense 
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

 

 

 

 

 

1.He is sleeping right now He went to sleep at 10.00 toninght. It is now 11.00 and he still a slee. His sleep began in the past, is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue
PAST PROGRESSIVE 

 

 

 

 

 

2.he was sleeping when we arrive He went to sleep at 10.00 last night. I arrived at 11.00. He was still a sleep.
FUTURE PROGRESSIVE

 

 

 

 

3.He will be sleeping when we arrive He will go to sleep at 10.00 tonight and we will arrive at 11.00, and he still a sleep.

1.3THE PERFECT TENSES

Form : Have + past participleMeaning : Thhe perfect tenses all give the idea that one thing happens before another time or events.
PRESENT PERFECT

 

1.I have already eaten I Finished eating before now. The exact time is not important
PAST PERFECT

 

2.I had already eaten when they arrived First I finished eating, later they arrived.
FUTURE PERFECT

 

 

I will already have eaten when they arrived First I will finishing eating. Later the will arrive.

1.4.THE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

Form : have + been + -ing (present participle)Meaning : The perfect progressive tenses give the idea that one event is in progress immediately before, up to, until another time or event. The tenses are used to express the duration of the first event.
PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

 

1.I have been studying for two hours. Event in progress : Studying.When : Before now, up to nowHpw Long : for two hours
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

 

2.I had been studying for two hours before my friend came Event in progress : StudyingWhen : before another event in the pastHow long : For two hours
FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

 

 

3.I will have been studying for two hours by the time you arrive. Event in progress : StudyingWhen : Before another event in the futureHow long : For two hours

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